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Kosteneffektive Qualitätsverbesserung von Softwaredokumenten durch Perspektivenbasierte Inspektionen
by O. Laitenberger

Cost-Effective Detection of Software Defects Through Perspective-based Inspections
by O. Laitenberger
Fraunhofer IRB Verlag, 2000

An Encompassing Life-Cycle Centric Survey of Software Inspection
by O. Laitenberger and J.-M. DeBaud
Journal of Systems and Software, 50 (1), pp. 5-31, 2000

Software Reviews: The State of the Practice
by M. Ciolkowski, O. Laitenberger and S. Biffl
IEEE Software, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 46- 51, 2003

Using Inspection Technology in Object-Oriented Development Projects
by O. Laitenberger, C. Atkinson and K. El Emam

An Internally Replicated Quasi-Experimental Comparison of Checklist and Perspective-based Reading of Code Documents
by O. Laitenberger, K. El Emam, and T. Harbich
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 2001

Perspective-based Reading of Code Documents at Robert Bosch GmbH
by O. Laitenberger, J.-M. Debaud
Information and Software Technology 39(11): 781-791, Nov. 1997
Despite dramatic changes in software development in the two decades since the term software engineering was coined, software quality deficiencies and cost overruns continue to afflict the software industry. Inspections, developed at IBM by Fagan in the early 1970s, can be used to improve upon these problems because they allow the detection and removal of defects after each phase of the software development process. But, in most published inspection processes, individuals performing defect detection are not systematically supported. There, defect detection depends heavily upon factors like chance or experience. Further, there is an ongoing debate in the literature whether or not defect detection is more effective when performed as a group activity and hence should be conducted in meetings. In this article we introduce Perspective-based Reading (PBR) for code documents, a systematic technique to support individual defect detection. PBR offers guidance to individual inspectors for defect detection. This guidance is embodied within perspective-based algorithmic scenarios which makes individual defect detection independent of experience. To test this assumption, we tailored and introduced PBR in the inspection process at Robert Bosch GmbH. We conducted two training sessions in the form of a 2x3 fractional factorial experiment in which 11 professional software developers reviewed code documents from three different perspectives. The experimental results are, (1) Perspective-based Reading and the type of document have an influence on individual defect detection, (2) multi-individual inspection meetings were not very useful to detect defects, (3) the overlap of detected defects among inspectors using different perspectives is low, (4) there are no significant differences with respect to defect detection between inspectors having experiences in the programming language and/or the application domain and those that do not.

Experimentelle Bewertung von Software-Lesetechniken in der industriellen Praxis
by O. Laitenberger

Experimentelle Bewertung von Software-Lesetechniken in der industriellen Praxis
by O. Laitenberger

The Empirical Investigation of Perspective-Based Reading
by V. R. Basili, S. Green, O. Laitenberger, F. Lanubile, F. Shull1, S. Sørumgård, M. V. Zelkowitz
Journal of Empirical Software Engineering, vol. 1. No.2: 133-164, 1996

Systematic Improvement of Technical Reviews in Large-Scale Systems Development
by O. Laitenberger, M. Leszak, W. Brunck, D. Stoll
1st Inspection Workshop, WISE, Paris, 2001

Evaluating a Model of Review Success Factors in an Industrial Setting
by O. Laitenberger, M. Leszak, D. Stoll, and K. El Emam
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Software Metrics, 1999

Using Simulation to Build Inspection Efficiency Benchmarks for Development Projects
by L. Briand, K. El Emam, O. Laitenberger, T. Fussbroich
Proceedings of the International Conference on Software Engineering, 1998

The application of subjective estimates of effectiveness to controlling software inspections
by K. El Emam, O. Laitenberger, T. Harbich
Journal of Systems and Software, Volume 54, Number 2, 15 October 2000 , pp. 119-136(18)

Decision Models for Controlling Software Inspections
by K. El Emam and O. Laitenberger

The Optimal Team Size for UML Design Inspections
by S. Boodoo, K. El Emam, O. Laitenberger, N. Madhavji

A Comprehensive Evaluation of Capture-Recapture Models for Estimating Software Defect Content
by L. Briand, K. El Emam, B. Freimut, O. Laitenberger
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Volume 26, No 6, June 2000

Evaluating Capture-recapture Models with Two Inspectors
by K. El Emam, O. Laitenberger
NRC Report, 1999, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, v.27 n.9, p.851-864, September 2001

Building Resource and Quality Management Models for Software Inspections
by L. Briand, I. Wieczorek, O. Laitenberger
Proceedings of the International Software Consulting Network, 1997.

Ursprung von Software Inspektionen:

A History of Software Inspections
by Michael Fagan
sd&m Conference 2001

The Best Influences on Software Engineering
IEEE Software, January/February 2000

Advances in Software Inspections
IEEE Transactions On Software Engineering, July 1986

"Design and code inspections to reduce errors in program development," by Michael Fagan
IBM Systems Journal, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 182-211
Copyright 1976 by International Business Machines Corporation. Reprinted with permission of the IBM Systems Journal, Vol. 15, No. 3